Bar Kokhba golden Pendant. 14K.
Size:- 4x1.5 cm. 1.5x0.7 inch.
Unlike the situation at the start of the First Revolt, in Bar Kochba’s time, there was no Temple and no Temple Treasury. So, in order to mint their own coins as a sign of sovereignty, they gathered all of the bronze and silver foreign (Rome, Syria, Phoenicia, etc.) coins circulating in Judaea. Then they filed off the original designs and restamped them with Jewish symbols and Hebrew inscriptions relating to their hope of rebuilding the Temple. Many coins exhibit parts of the original designs and legends. Coins of the first two years are dated Year 1 and Year 2 “of the Freedom (or Redemption) of Israel (or Jerusalem).” But in the third year, when the revolt became more of defensive guerrilla action, the inscription changed to the hope “For the Freedom of Jerusalem.”
The overstruck silver tetradrachms (called “sela” in the Mishnah) are among the most religiously significant coins issued by the ancient Jews since the Holy of Holies of the Jerusalem Temple is depicted, along with the Ark - that had held the two tablets of the Ten Commandments in Solomon’s time. “Jerusalem” was inscribed around the Temple. Beginning in the second year and continuing into the final year, a star appeared above the Temple on many coins, likely alluding to Bar Kochba’s nickname “Son of the Star.” And some of these large silver coins issued in the third year of the revolt feature a wavy line above the Temple, perhaps representing an ornamental grapevine.