Harrowing of Hell, handmade Russian icon, 19th Century.
Icon of Harrowing of Hell.
Handmade Russian icon, 19th C.
The icon is in very good condition. It is made in four different levels,
First wood, second canvas, third gold leaf and fourth the painting level.
Size: 40x32 cm, 15.7x12.5 inch.
This item comes with a certificate from The Israeli Antiquities Authority.
This image is very typical of later Russian icons of the Resurrection. At the bottom is an elaborated version of the “old” image, with Christ standing on the gates of Hades and grasping Adam by the hand, as Eve and other Old Testament women kneel before him. John the Forerunner and King David are already in the crowd that is moving up toward Paradise in a long line. The huge mouth in which Eve kneels shows the manner in which the “Jaws of Hell/Hades” were depicted at that time, as a great monster with his mouth open.
It shows Jesus standing above his empty tomb. To the left is a related scene of Peter in Christ’s tomb, looking at the empty linen wrappings. Below Peter, a separate scene shows an angel binding the Prince of Hell; in the Greek version of the Gospels of Nicodemus, this is Satan.
“Then the King of glory seized the chief satrap Satan by the head, and delivered him to his angels, and said: With iron, chains bind his hands and his feet, and his neck, and his mouth. Then he delivered him to Hades, and said: Take him, and keep him secure till my second appearing.”
At lower right is a post-resurrection scene of Jesus appearing to the disciples who were fishing on the Sea of Tiberius, as recorded in the Gospel of John.