Hellenistic Oil Jar. 330 B.C.E
Size:- 9x6.5 cm. 3.5x2.5 inch.
After the death of Alexander the Great, the vast territory he conquered was divided into several independent kingdoms ruled by his top generals, allowing for the greater mingling of cultures and increased demand for art to decorate royal palaces and important cities. Greek art evolved to reflect the changing world of the Hellenistic period, exploring drama, realism, emotion, and decorative effects.
The most important changes in the pottery of Greece during the Hellenistic period involved a desire to emulate the luxury of the new ruling class, a trend toward baroque detail, and a contrasting tendency toward simpler decoration. The red-figure technique of vase painting of the 5th and 4th centuries B.C.E. largely gave way to new techniques and styles, such as mould-made relief pottery, exemplified by a 3rd or 2nd century B.C.E. bowl in the CU Art Museum's collection. These mould-made vessels may have been intended to imitate metal vessels used by the elite. Though not pottery, an especially elaborate type of tableware known as the Gold Glass bowl (also called the Gold Sandwich bowl) is worthy of mention in this context because it exemplifies a type of vessel that contemporary pottery styles may have been intended to imitate.
This item comes with a certificate from The Israeli Antiquities Authority.